Bharatiya Journal of Counselling Psychology http://bjcp.in/index.php/bjcp <p class="font8" style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; vertical-align: baseline;"><span style="font-size: 11.5pt;"><strong>The Bharatiya Journal of Counselling Psychology (BJCP)</strong> is an initiative by Bharatiya Counselling Psychology Association. BJCP is one of the first National, free, peer-reviewed publication of scientific information which is and proposed to be an indexed journal at its earlier. The advancement of counselling as profession in India is the major focus of BJCP. The journal intends to focus on the academic and professional advancement of counselling as a mental health endeavour in the nation and creating awareness in society.</span></p> en-US Bharatiya Journal of Counselling Psychology Role of Humor in De-escalating Covid Related State Anxiety http://bjcp.in/index.php/bjcp/article/view/2 <p>Humour is a psychological response characterized by the positive emotion of amusement, the appraisal that something is funny, and the tendency to laugh. Humour, is both a source of entertainment and a means of coping with difficult or awkward situations and stressful events. The present study aimed to explore how young adults using different styles of humour experienced COVID related state anxiety.For this purpose data was collected online from young adults in the age range of 20-30 years. The time of data collection on the pandemic timeline in India ranged from 3<sup>rd </sup>week of April 2020 to 2<sup>nd</sup> week of May 2020. The spread of COVID pandemic in India at the time of data collection was nearly 1 lakh cases (95,698 as per worldometer.info)). The state anxiety during the COVID 19 situation was assessed with the help of State Trait Anxiety Inventory (1977) by Spielberger. The Humour Style Questionnaire by Martin et al.(2003), was used to assess Adaptive styles of humour (Affiliative humour, Self enhancing humour) and Maladaptive styles of humour (Self- defeating humour and Aggressive humour). The total sample comprised of 100 adults. Results distinctly indicated that young adults high on Adaptive and Maladaptive Humour styles respectively differed significantly on Covid related State Anxiety. Additionally sex differences also emerged on Covid related State Anxiety. Implications of the study point towards the buffer effect of Adaptive humour in dealing with Covid related anxiety.</p> Tarika Sandhu Jasbir Kaur Copyright (c) 2022 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 1 1 Psychological Factors in Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Implications in Counseling http://bjcp.in/index.php/bjcp/article/view/3 <p>The condition of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) includes, fatigue and exhaustibility, muscle pain, muscle weakness, sore throat, fever, headache, impaired memory, concentration difficulties and sleep disorder. Whereas Fibromyalgia (FM) include symptoms such as aches, pain, stiffness and powerlessness in the muscles, fatigue, exhaustibility, headache, swelling, numbness, bowel problems, and sleeping difficulties Sometimes, fibromyalgia patients report anxiety, tension, insomnia, and depressive mood, while some patients reported psychiatric disorders such as major depressive and anxiety disorders. Fibromyalgia (FM) often categorized, as a ‘functional somatic syndrome’, or sometimes, ‘somatization disorder’. Both CFS and FM share the symptomatology to a large extent. &nbsp;Patients with fibromyalgia also meet the criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome whereas individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome also manifest concurrent fibromyalgia. In absence of any biomedical test or a stable physiological marker, researchers also conceptualize chronic fatigue syndrome as a psychiatric disorder, or manifestation of a psychiatric condition such as somatization disorder. The present paper is a review of the studies conducted in the area to understand the nature, clinical picture and causal factors for these conditions. It is also aimed to provide the information about the underlying mechanism of CFS and FM to counsellors to incorporate this body of knowledge while counselling with the similar kind of problems.</p> Ankita Ojha Dhananjay Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 1 1 Pseudo psychological practices in counselling settings in India http://bjcp.in/index.php/bjcp/article/view/4 <p>This paper attempts to emphasize the importance and need of evidence-based scientific psychotherapies and it criticises the pseudo psychological practices in counselling settings in Indian context. It is an increasingly accepted reality of the day that the field of pseudo psychotherapies has become broader. These pseudo practices in psychology encompass numerous unscientific and non-established so called therapeutic methods. These&nbsp;pseudo therapies are viewed as either a helping resource or a substitute to conventional psychological and medical treatment by the laymen. Many quacks as well as psychologists also have been practicing these pseudo therapies for a long time without checking their scientific validation. Such pseudo therapies are mainly based on placebo effect. That’s why there is urgent need to educate psychologists, clients and their caretakers to learn to discriminate the scientific ways from the non-scientific ones, so that they can make right and effective health care choices for psychological treatment which are safe, effective and scientific.</p> Rajesh Bhatt Saumya Dhasmana Copyright (c) 2022 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 1 1 Enhancing Self-Efficacy: Pathway to Improve Academic Achievement Motivation http://bjcp.in/index.php/bjcp/article/view/5 <p>The present research aimed to study the effect of self-efficacy and gender pattern on intrinsic, extrinsic and amotivation-motivational orientations of academic achievement motivation among adolescents. A sample of 102 students (51males and 51 females), in the age-range of 14-17 years, was selected randomly from various educational institutions of tri-city (Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula).The measures used were Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Children (Muris, 2001) and Achievement Motivation Scale-School Version (Vallerand et. al., 1992). A 2X2 factorial design was used to analyze the data. The analysis indicated that highly efficacious students were intrinsically motivated than did their counterparts. However, students who have no faith in their capabilities were extrinsically motivated and amotivated. Furthermore, gender differentiation and interaction effect did not make any contribution to the motivational orientations of achievement motivation. It seems logical to understand that poor belief in one’s ability is a driving component of feeling disinterested towards academic activities. It is noteworthy that amotivation which reflects strong feeling of incompetence and expectancies of uncontrollability is highly detrimental for school achievement. These findings can serve to provide practical guidelines for designing of interventions to enhance self-efficacy and achievement motivation.</p> Pratibha Vandana Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 1 1 Counselling Parents of children with Intellectual Disability http://bjcp.in/index.php/bjcp/article/view/6 <p>Care of children with intellectual disability is often stressful for parents (Esdaile &amp; Greenwood, 2003). Parental counselling is seen to be efficient in this regard. The present study aims to assess the efficacy of counselling the parents of children with intellectual disability. It was hypothesized that counselling would reduce the level of perceived stress among the parents of intellectually disabled children. 30 parents of children with intellectual disability were selected, their level of stress was assessed using perceived stress scale of FISC-MR (Girimaji et al., 1999) and then counselling was provided. After the counselling intervention post assessment of level of perceived stress was done. Findings after applying the t test indicate a decreased level of stress in post- intervention assessment; thus proving the hypothesis. Counselling of parents of children with intellectual disability decreased the level of stress for parents of children with intellectual disability. Parents of children with intellectual disability experience stress which is an important area of rehabilitation. Counselling Intervention was seen to be efficient in this regard.</p> Shivani Pandey Archana Shukla Copyright (c) 2022 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 1 1